INDIVIDUALS' PERCEPTION & THE POTENTIAL OF URINE AS A FERTILIZER IN ETHEKWINI, SOUTH AFRICA. Natalie Benoit Masters' Student with the School of Built Environment and Development Studies, School of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, S. africa. Tel: 083-864-1131; email: natalie. [email protected] com ABSTRACT Local climate change, environmental degradation and unsustainable intake of methods are more and more putting a pressure on the Globe's natural prosperity. More environmentally friendly sanitation behavior such as using wholly UDDT (urine directing dry toilets) can help minimize the strain about water solutions. Urine could possibly be used as a fertilizer since it contains nitrogen and phosphorus. Furthermore, with urine as being a fertilizer, it will now be free of charge, accessible to any or all and decrease each of our need to my own phosphate. This kind of paper is exploring the perceptions and understanding of farmers inside the eThekwini municipality about urine and its use in agriculture. That seeks to know if this practice will socially suitable in order to help the debate of food protection. To investigate the attitudes toward urine, interviews were executed with farmers who consult with the UmBumbulu Agri-Hub and at the Newlands Mashu Permaculture Learning Centre (NMPLC). These interviews had been done in order to find out all their views of urine as well as its possibility in integrating environmental sanitation, more specifically urine reuse in their programs. Preliminary results illustrate that individuals' self-perception, that of other folks and non-motivational factors just like smell and lack of schooling remain since barriers to usage along with lack of knowledge about its possibility of fertilizing capacities. In Zulu culture urine seems to be put to use in various techniques and is regarded acceptable pertaining to medicinal or spiritual functions. non-etheless, there seems to be a adverse perception of urine amidst most participants. Even so, a large number of farmers indicated curiosity for the use of urine in cultivation. Keywords: FERTILIZER, PERCEPTION, ORGANIZED BEHAVIOR, URINE REUSE.


Sanitation remains a hitting issue around the globe. It is estimated that in 2002, installment payments on your 6 billion individuals would not have access to improved sanitation (WHO & UNICEF 2005). In 2004 it had been estimated that approximately 18 million Southern region Africans, mainly in non-urban areas, did not have satisfactory sanitation (Republic of South Africa 2004). Yet , considering Earth's finite resources such as pasable water, sufficient sanitation may have to be expanded in order to utilise water sustainably. It would not really be environmentally friendly to provide eliminate toilets to any or all 18 mil South Africans. Many areas in South Africa, which has nonrenewable groundwater supplies, are already suffering from seasonal water shortages. Over time, using pasable water to flush human being waste down the drain is unsustainable no matter where in the world, even in water wealthy countries including Canada (FAO 2003). Therefore, alternative technology must be used in order to cut down on normal water consumption. The purpose of this studies to understand the perceptions and knowledge farmers about using fertilizer by means of urine pertaining to agriculture. Additionally it is seeks to determine if this kind of practice can be socially appropriate and possibly adding urine re-use as one of the strategies in the exercising provided by the organisations for the farmers, to be able to contribute to the debate on the potential of foodstuff security. A literature assessment will provide a short overview of a history of urine uses, the concept of ecological cleanliness (EcoSan) and South Africa perceptions of urine. The methodology accustomed to conduct the study, results and discussions from the findings will abide by

Individuals' Understanding & the potential for Urine as being a Fertilizer in eThekwini, S. africa LITERATURE REVIEW


The Urine Market through History Throughout background, humans include adopted individual waste (urine and faeces) for medical (for diagnosis and healing purposes), purifying, aesthetic and agricultural...


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